For certain types of agitated, depressed, or excitable states, healthcare professionals may give mood stabilizers. Some common medications of this type are: divalproex sodium (Depakote), lithium carbonate (Eskalith), carbamazepine (Tegretol), and valproic acid (Depakene).
What do mood stabilizers do?
- These medications may help individuals reduce aggression or have fewer mood swings.
What should I tell the healthcare professional about the individual who will be taking these medications?
- Tell the healthcare professional about any alcohol or medications (prescriptions, or nonprescription) that the patient is taking.
- Tell if the individual is pregnant.
- Tell if the individual has had any diet changes, especially eating more salt.
- Tell if the individual has liver, kidney, or heart disease.
How should I give this medication and how should I store it?
- Give these medications on time and as prescribed.
- You can give these medications either with or without food unless indicated on the prescription.
- Store these medications at room temperature.
- Give these medications by mouth unless indicated on the prescription.
What side effects should I look for and when might I see them?
- The person taking the medication may feel sleepy or restless during the first few days after starting the medication. Females may have a change in their periods. Lithium may cause increased urination or thirst. Many who take lithium or Depakote/Depakene may develop tremors during the first few days of administration. This should go away. Depakote/Depakene may cause stomach distress or hair loss.
What side effects must I report at once?
- Lithium can rise to dangerous levels if individuals loose body fluids due to fever, sweating, vomiting, or diarrhea. Watch these individuals for signs of lithium overdose.
- You must observe for these signs of lithium overdose: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle weakness, increased drowsiness, difficulty walking, and seizures.
- Individuals who take other types of mood stabilizers also will have routine blood tests. Report easy bruising, extreme tiredness or increased drowsiness, clumsiness, or stumbling.
Where can I buy mood stabilizers?
- Go to Online Drug Store on the World Wide Web and buy online drugs.